Cinco de Mayo 2021 May 4, 2021
Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of a Mexican military victory over a second French military invasion caused by nonpayment of debt to foreign countries by the Mexican President Benito Juarez, a Liberal. The indebtedness being caused by a Mexican Civil War, the Reform War, from 1858-1861 over religion and divided among political party lines (government), liberal and conservative. Much Liberal Reform was accomplished during this period.
The want of democratic representation and natural freedoms and the knowledge of the European Enlightenment of the 17th and 18th centuries seems to have initiated a great deal of civil unrest in Mexico. The opposition to government administered religion, Catholicism, supported by military and primarily directed by a Conservative leader, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna led to many battles for many things.
In my opinion, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna’s want of supremacy supported by church, military, and foreign interests led to the loss of Mexican land and majority support both nationally and internationally. Guerilla warfare also emerged and acts of terror continue to this day in Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America.
The French’s Second intervention in Mexico, the invasion of 1861, for nonpayment of indebtedness and potential trade controls of Mexican resources ended in 1867 being influenced by both a threat of the French homeland by Prussia conflict and potential conflict with the United States of America for the rights of Mexicans beginning around 1865-1866.
The Liberal Reforms largely survived the wars.
Note: This short article about Cinco de Mayo expresses a cause of celebration of a victory for freedom in Mexico but barely depicts the efforts and struggles of Mexican people for sovereignty.